Tips to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Every human has a kidney, the number is a pair that is located on the left and right side of the body. How important it is for us to maintain kidney health so that this one organ can work optimally and be free from all kidney diseases. Why is it so important to maintain kidney health, let us look at how the kidneys work and their functions for our health quoted from .

The kidneys are located along the muscular wall of the back (posterior muscle) of the abdominal cavity. The shape of the kidney is similar to a nut that is about the size of a fist, about 12 centimeters long and 6 centimeters wide.

Just like other organs, kidneys play an important role in the human body. The main function of the kidney is to filter out waste (waste) in the body, both from food, drugs, and toxic substances.

The kidneys filter 200 liters of blood every day. Of the many blood that is filtered, there are 2 liters of waste that must be removed through urine. For this reason, the kidney is equipped with a pair of ureters, a bladder, and a urethra that will carry urine out of the body.

In addition to removing residual substances in the body, the function of other kidney parts is to reabsorb substances needed by the body, namely amino acids, sugar, sodium, potassium, and other nutrients. The function of this part of the kidney is affected by the adrenal glands located at the top of each kidney.

The adrenal gland produces the hormone aldosterone. This hormone functions to absorb potassium from urine into blood vessels so that it can be used again by the body.

After we read the description above how the kidneys work and their functions, then maintaining kidney health needs to be done by:

1. Meet fluid needs.
Drinking water turns out to be important for maintaining kidney health. This is because water can help rinse toxic substances that are contained in the kidneys. Even so, James Simon, MD, as a neurologist from the Cleveland Clinic, warned that we should not drink the most water. Simply drink 8 glasses of water every day so that kidney function remains optimal.

2. Take care of your diet
So, make sure your blood pressure and sugar levels remain normal every day. The trick, keep eating patterns by increasing eating vegetables, fruits, and seeds. In addition, limit the intake of salt and sugar to avoid diabetes and hypertension.

3. Regular exercise
In addition to making the body stay fit, regular exercise can also maintain kidney health. Calm down, you don't have to bother doing high intensity exercise so the body stays healthy. Choose the type of light exercise that you like. Whether it's jogging, cycling, swimming, or yoga for at least 20 minutes every day. This is useful for maintaining an ideal body weight while controlling blood pressure. Also read: Routine Sports Can Lower Blood Pressure?

4. Do not take any vitamins or drugs
We must really pay attention to every dose of vitamins, medical drugs, and herbal medicines consumed. Be careful, taking medication over the dose can endanger the kidneys. Some painkillers, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can actually trigger kidney damage if taken for a long time. So, consult your doctor before taking any type of medicine. Also read: Often Take Pain Relief Medication Reduce Male Fertility

5. Stop smoking 
Toxic substances from cigarettes that enter the body can inhibit blood flow. As a result, the heart must work extra to pump blood and cause hypertension. Again, hypertension is the most common cause of kidney disease. Therefore, you should stop smoking as soon as possible to maintain kidney health.

6. Perform a kidney check
It doesn't hurt to do a kidney check as early as possible. Especially if you have diabetes or hypertension at risk for kidney disease. Doctors will usually do a series of tests to measure damage to kidney function. Starting from GFR tests, blood tests, to urine tests.

Thus health information about how important it is to maintain kidney health, hopefully by reading this info we will pay more attention to the importance of health by consuming foods that are good for our body's health.


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