United Nations refused the independence of West Papua

The UN Decolonization Committee last year rejected a petition claimed to be signed by 1.8 million West Papuans, who called for an independence referendum.

Also in September 2017 according to a report quoted by Radio NZ on December 6, 2018, a petition delivered by West Papuan independence leader Benny Wenda, called on the United Nations to appoint a special representative to investigate violations and to put West Papua back on the decolonization agenda.

West Papua is an Indonesian province located on the western tip of Papua Island. The capital is Manokwari. The name of this province was previously West Irian Jaya as stipulated in Law Number 45 of 1999.

Based on Government Regulation Number 24 of 2007 dated April 18, 2007, the name of this province was changed to West Papua. West Papua and Papua are provinces that have special autonomy status. West Papua Province, although it has become a separate province, continues to receive special treatment as its parent province. The province also has its own KPUD and held elections for the first time on April 5, 2004.

The United Nations has rejected the West Papua Independence Petition
Scmp.com news site, announced in September last year, Benny Wenda, leader of the independent West Papua movement, which is now in exile, submitted this petition to the UN or C24 decolonization committee. He claimed to have the support of 70 percent of the population of West Papua Province.

The petition called on the United Nations to appoint a special envoy to investigate human rights violations in West Papua Province, Indonesia and include the issue of West Papua on the C24 agenda. The petition urges the West Papuan people to be given the right to determine their own future.

However, the Chair of the C24 Committee, which was then led by Rafael Ramirez, said the West Papua petition could not be accepted. Ramirez reasoned that the committee's mandate was only to deal with 17 countries identified by the United Nations as non-self-governing territories. As a result, C24 handed over the issue of West Papua to the United Nations and the world.

But the UN decolonization committee said that the issue of West Papua was beyond its authority, which was only given to 17 countries recognized by the United Nations as "Non-self Governing Territory". According to the United Nations Charter, quoted from the un.org site, the Non-Self Governing Territory is a community that has not yet reached the full requirement to form its own government.

In 1946, a number of UN members identified a number of areas under their government that were not able to govern themselves and put them on the UN list. As a result of the decolonization process for several years thereafter, many of these regions were removed from the UN list.

This urges the ruling government to take effective steps to protect and guarantee the irrevocable rights of the Non-Self Governing Territory for their natural resources, including land, and the ability to build and maintain control over the development of resources in the future, and ask the ruling government officials to take all necessary steps to protect the property rights of the people in the Region.

Based on the latest data from the UN Secretariat 2017 regarding the Non-Self Governing Territory, there are currently 17 regions that are listed in the Non-Self Governing Territory, some of which are Guam, New Caledonia, Gibraltar, Cayman Island, Bermuda and others.

The chairman of the United Nations Decolonization Committee and the Venezuelan Ambassador to the United Nations, Rafael Ramirez, said he had not received official application documents, and his committee had been manipulated for political purposes. Abc.net.au reports the chairman of the committee does not accept petitions or reports and calls them false.

Ramirez also said that the committee accepted Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua, which took control of western Papua in 1969.

In a statement, UN representatives in Indonesia, Triansyah Djani, who sat on the committee, called the Wenda petition for West Papuan independence as deceptive and separatist propaganda.

Source: Tempo.co

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